Qué Hacer Si Su Hijo/a Comienza A Presentar Una Deformidad En Su Espalda?

Qué Hacer Si Su Hijo/a Comienza A Presentar Una Deformidad En Su Espalda?

La deformidad de la espalda o escoliosis, es una alteración estructural ósea que produce una curvatura exageradamente anormal de la columna vertebral.

La Causa

La causa de la escoliosis en su mayoría es desconocida, pero se cree que tiene mucho que ver mucho con la genética y el tener una historia familiar de alguien con escoliosis es un elemento que puede determinar la causa de la escoliosis en su hijo/a.

Como se presenta

La escoliosis se puede presentar de varias maneras

  • Los padres llevan a sus hijos al médico porque ven una deformidad en la espalda de sus hijos
  • Los padres llevan a sus niños al médico por dolor de espalda y los pediatras al hacer el examen físico se dan cuenta de la deformidad.
  • Los pediatras encuentran la curvatura en los pacientes sin ningún síntoma

Los tipos de escoliosis son

1) Categorizadas por la edad de presentación:

  • Infantil – 0 a 3 años
  • Juvenil: de 4 a 9 años
  • Adolescente – ≥10 años

2) Dependiendo del ángulo

  • <10 grados: el cual es considerado normal
  • 10-19 grados : se recomienda solo observar en esta situacion
  • 20-29 grados
  • 30-39 grados
  • >40 grados


La Academia Estadounidense de Cirujanos Ortopédicos, la Sociedad de Investigación de Escoliosis, la Sociedad Ortopédica Pediátrica de América del Norte y la Academia Estadounidense de Pediatría sugieren exámenes para detectar escoliosis a edades de 10 y 12 años en niñas y de 13 o 14 años en niños


El Tratamiento de la escoliosis son:

  • La observación
  • Los Aparatos ortopédicos
  • La Cirugía correctiva
  • La Terapia física

Cuando Debemos Ser Referidos A Un Cirujano Ortopédico

  • Cuando la curvatura es ≥7 ° en pacientes con alto peso u índice de masa corporal ≥ 85 percentil
  • Cuando la curvatura esta entre 20 y 29 ° en niñas o niños pre-menarcales de 12 a 14 años
  • Una curvatura de más de 30 ° en cualquier paciente
  • O un progreso en la curvatura de más de 5 ° en cualquier paciente
  • El tratamiento depende del cuan grave tenga la curvatura y si su hijo está ya en la madurez esquelética.

    Como padres debemos de tener muy en cuenta como está la salud y el crecimiento de nuestros hijos. Cuando la curvatura de la espalda llega a estados graves, con una curvatura de mas de 40 grados nuestros hijos pueden presentar problemas del corazón y de los pulmones además de deformidad física.

    -La Dra. Denise Núñez es pediatray fundadora de la Fundación Niño de la Caridad en El Bronx

    By |2018-12-13T12:21:49+00:00August 20th, 2018|Company News|Comments Off on Qué Hacer Si Su Hijo/a Comienza A Presentar Una Deformidad En Su Espalda?

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